Linked Open Data Vocabularies

vocabularyCreated on May 23rd, 2018

Linked Open Data vocabularies that do not belong to a specific organization.

Members

The Music Ontology Specification provides main concepts and properties fo describing music (i.e. artists, albums and tracks) on the Semantic Web.

FOAF is a project devoted to linking people and information using the Web. Regardless of whether information is in people's heads, in physical or digital documents, or in the form of factual data, it can be linked. FOAF integrates three kinds of network: social networks of human collaboration, friendship and association; representational networks that describe a simplified view of a cartoon universe in factual terms, and information networks that use Web-based linking to share independently published descriptions of this inter-connected world. FOAF does not compete with socially-oriented Web sites; rather it provides an approach in which different sites can tell different parts of the larger story, and by which users can retain some control over their information in a non-proprietary format.

The Schema.org vocabulary, including the core vocabulary and all domain-specific layers.

Obtained from: http://schema.org/version/latest/all-layers.nq

The Bibliographic Ontology Specification provides main concepts and properties for describing citations and bibliographic references (i.e. quotes, books, articles, etc) on the Semantic Web.

Used to describe authors, papers and publication information.

This is a simplification of some parts of the DOLCE Lite-Plus library (cf.http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DLP397.owl). Main aspects in which DOLCE+DnS Ultralite departs from DOLCE Lite-Plus are the following:

  • The names of classes and relations have been made more intuitive
  • The DnS-related part is closer to the newer 'constructive DnS' ontology (http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/cDnS.owl).
  • Temporal and spatial relations are simplified
  • Qualities and regions are more relaxed than in DOLCE-Full: they can be used as attributes of any entity, although two axioms state that each quality has a region and viceversa
  • Axiomatization makes use of simpler constructs than DOLCE Lite-Plus
  • The architecture of the ontology is pattern-based, which means that DOLCE+DnS Ultralite is also available in modules, called 'content ontology design patterns', which can be applied independently in the design of domain ontologies (cf. http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org). If many modules are needed in a same ontology project, it is anyway useful to use this integrated version.

The final result is a lightweight, easy-to-apply foundational ontology for modeling either physical or social contexts.

Several extensions of DOLCE+DnS Ultralite have been designed; see for example the extensions for information objects, for systems, for plans, for the legal domain, and for the lexical and semiotic domains; etc.

Namespace: (alias: )

The Event Ontology is developed by the Centre for Digital Music in Queen Mary, University of London. The first draft of the ontology was written in October, 2004.

This ontology is centered around the notion of event, seen here as the way by which cognitive agents classify arbitrary time/space regions, which is essentially the view expressed by Allen and Fergusson:

“[..] events are primarily linguistic or cognitive in nature. That is, the world does not really contain events. Rather, events are the way by which agents classify certain useful and relevant patterns of change. This ontology has already been proven useful in a wide range of context, due to its simplicity and usability: from talks in a conference, to description of a concert, or chords being played in a Jazz piece (when used with the Timeline ontology), festivals, etc. Relevant references are given in the reference section. Some tools to manipulate data from this ontology can be found in the motools project on Sourceforge.”

Homepage: http://motools.sourceforge.net/event/event.html#

Namespace: http://purl.org/NET/c4dm/event.owl#

The Simple Event Model (SEM) is created to model events in various subject domains.

Homepage: http://semanticweb.cs.vu.nl/2009/11/sem/

Namespace: http://semanticweb.cs.vu.nl/2009/11/sem/

This vocabulary was originally openly-editable at http://open.vocab.org/. The editing interface has been retired and this data dump published in its place.

The Creative Commons Rights Expression Language (CC REL) lets you describe copyright licenses in RDF. For more information on describing licenses in RDF and attaching those descriptions to digital works, see CC REL in the Creative Commons wiki.

The BIO vocabulary contains terms useful for finding out more about people and their backgrounds and has some cross-over into genealogical information. The approach taken is to describe a person's life as a series of interconnected key events, around which other information can be woven. This vocabulary defines the event framework and supplies a set of core event types that cover many use cases, but it is expected that it will be extended in other vocabularies to suit their needs. The intention of this vocabulary is to describe biographical events of people and this intention carries through to the definitions of the properties and classes which are person-centric rather than neutral. For example the Employment event puts the person being employed as the principal agent in the event rather than the employer.

At its heart the BIO vocabulary is concerned with people, their relationships and the events in their lives. Together these can be used to build up a narrative of a person's life and their interactions with other people, organizations and the world around them. Events bound intervals of time that may be associated with particular relationships between people and groups or organisations. Many different types of life event are defined in this vocabulary including the obvious Birth, Marriage and Death but also Coronation, Performance and even Murder. These events are not intended to be fully comprehensive but are representative of the types of events associated with biographical material. Currently the relationship segment of the vocabulary is underspecified with only a generic Relationship class available. It is envisaged that many types of relationship such as families, employments and ownerships will be specified in the future.

The sequence of events and intervals build a timeline of history against which people and their relationships can be placed. The aim is to enable simple forms of genealogical reasoning such as determining whether a child was born out of wedlock or the location of a family given the fact one of their children was attending a particular school. Events are ordered in time by relating them to one another and to abstract intervals of time.

Ontology to describe person, location etc. observations in archival resources. One or multiple observations can be bundled into a reconstruction that combines complementary (or sometimes conflicting) information from the observation(s) so that a single entity is reconstructed out of several entity observations from one or multiple sources.

An RDF vocabulary for relating SW vocabulary terms to their status.

A vocabulary about music keys and chords.