Open Knowledge Foundation (OKFN)

okfnCreated on May 19th, 2018

undefined Homepage:


LOV stands for Linked Open Vocabularies. This name is derived from LOD, standing for Linked Open Data.

A vocabulary in LOV gathers definitions of a set of classes and properties (together simply called terms of the vocabulary), useful to describe specific types of things, or things in a given domain or industry, or things at large but for a specific usage. Terms of vocabularies also provide the links in linked data, in the above case between a Person and a City. The definitions of terms provided by the vocabularies bring clear semantics to descriptions and links, thanks to the formal language they use (some dialect of RDF such as RDFS or OWL). In short, vocabularies provide the semantic glue enabling Data to become meaningful Data.

The Protocol for Web Description Resources (POWDER) allows metadata to be associated with groups of resources such as those found on a Web site. Its main 'unit of information' is the Description Resource (DR), one or more of which are contained in a POWDER document. Processing such a document yields RDF triples describing the resources that are within the scope of the DRs. POWDER documents are written in XML and have relatively loose semantics, however, a GRDDL transform, associated with the root namespace, renders the data in OWL with more formal semantics.

An RDF vocabulary is defined to support Semantic POWDER, or POWDER-S encoding, of Description Resources. This is the namespace document for that vocabulary. Although this document sets out the domain and range of each term, their full definitions are to be found in other documents in the set, notably the Description Resources document DR and the Formal Semantics document FORMAL.

Version: 2.3.0

VOAF is a vocabulary specification providing elements allowing the description of vocabularies (RDFS vocabularies or OWL ontologies) used in the Linked Data Cloud. In particular it provides properties expressing the different ways such vocabularies can rely on, extend, specify, annotate or otherwise link to each other. It relies itself on Dublin Core and VoID. The name of the vocabulary makes an explicit reference to FOAF because VOAF can be used to define networks of vocabularies in a way similar to the one FOAF is used to define networks of people.

Version: 2.3.0